From Mageia wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has become outdated and can no longer be trusted.

It requires improvements.
If you want to improve it, simply click on the edit tab.
Please remove this {{Outdated}} template when you're sure this page is completely up-to-date and trustworthy again

View the other outdated pages.

View all other pages to improve and maintain.


This page is also currently available in these languages:

Português (pt-BR): Apresentação da Mageia para iniciantes
German (de): Präsentation von Mageia für Anfänger


Start

Welcome to the presentation of Mageia for beginners
The Mageia is a Linux distribution, free software, therefore, to use just download the software from the internet, test, install and use the computer and join the community of users to share questions, suggestions and contribute to the development of Mageia.







Start Community Download Testing Install Use
start Community Download Testing Install Use












Community

Start Community Download Testing Install Use
Start Community Download Testing Install Use
  1. Join the community of users MAGEIA because;
    1. The Mageia project is a lively community, open to everyone, seeking to be nice to newcomers and current members, where everyone feels comfortable and accepted, whatever the amount and type of his/her contributions are.
    2. is the best way to learn to use Mageia and enjoy all its features.
    3. is the best way to help and seek help for questions with other users (community support) in forums, mailing lists, IRC, bugzilla-mageia, wiki, blog, in English or other languages.
    4. The Mageia is the French nonprofit organization, that organizes the development and distribution of Mageia, and offers, along with nine more communities of users of other languages, several tools for users to discuss collectively and publicly, on the Internet, on diverse issues related to the use of Mageia.
  2. The participation of everyone is important, therefore:
    1. Mageia is free software, so the more people using, testing, and collaborate, the better their development.
    2. free software can be used without restriction, including free, but also has high costs for development and updating. Therefore, it is the model of "collaborative development" that allows for the reduction of development costs and accelerated evolution of free software.
    3. the free software is for everyone to use, and is legally protected by the GNU GPL, and therefore has been consolidating since it was created 28 years ago by Richard Stallman and has for 20 years, Linux as its core (see also here).
    4. free software is one, collaborating with a Linux distribution of your choice, you collaborate with all indirectly. The Mageia's doors open. Join us and participate in this great community.
  3. How to participate?
    1. By joining the forums, mailing lists, IRC, wiki, bugzilla-Mageia, asking for help and helping in that knowledge and contributing to the community support, which is the most efficient and economical way to offer free help for Mageia users around the world.
    2. collaborating with the various activities of Mageia, integrating one of 16 teams Mageia (see list on Wiki);
    3. using and supporting Mageia and suggesting improvements.
    4. and the bugs you find, discuss and report on the forums, lists, IRC, Bugzilla-Mageia or, depending on the case, in Bugzilla-Kde, Bugzilla-Gnome, or in the official websites shown in the respective applications.





Download

Start Community Download Testing150px Install150px Use
Start Community Download Testing Install Use
Choosing-mageia-2012.png
  1. Among the options, choose:
    1. Locales/languages
      1. Europa 1 - America
      2. Europa 2
      3. Africa, India
      4. Asia
    2. Media (see here)
      1. Novice user - LiveCD
      2. Intermediate users - DVD
      3. Advanced users - CD Dual arch
    3. Graphical Environments
      1. Kde
      2. Gnome
      3. Lxde
    4. CPU Architecture
      1. 32 bits
      2. 64 bits
        1. Make sure if your processor is 32bit or 64bit:
          1. At graphic-mode, access the Mageia Control Center-MCC, the "Hardware" tab, the "View and Configure Hardware". and the list of hardware, click on "CPU" and check on "Extras Signs" if ther is the flag ml . See the meaning of the flag here
          2. See the manufacturer's website via the "model name" processor, whether it is 32bit or 64bit.
          3. Check through the text-mode, accessing a terminal as root and typing the command grep -m 1 flags /proc/cpuinfo, and see if has the flag lm (Long Mode. - 64bit Extensions, AMD’s AMD64 or Intel’s EM64T).
          4. Why I need learn this? Because the 64 bit processor runs programs 32 bit or 64 bit, including operating systems 32 or 64 bits. The 32 bit processor only runs programs and operating system 32 bit. Therefore, when in doubt, choose the 32 bit that will run in both, in 32 bit and 64 bit processor CPU.
        2. Consolidated options
          1. Novice user - LiveCD, KDE, 32 bit or 64 bits;
          2. Novice user - LiveCD, GNOME, 32 bit or 64 bit;
          3. Intermediate users - DVD, KDE-GNOME-LXDE, 32 bit or 64 bit;
          4. Advanced users - CD Dual arch, LXDE, 32 bit-64 bits.
  2. How downlod? (see here)
    1. direct downolad
    2. torrent
  3. Check the integrity of the downloaded file (imagem ISO, see here: md5sum or sha1sum)
  4. Burn the downloaded ISO Image file
    1. in CD, DVD (eg. with K3b, Brasero, Xfburn)
    2. in pendrive Pendrive-1.png (see tips here)
  5. Files ready to install:
    1. LiveCD KDE Cd-1.png
    2. LiveCD GNOME Cd-1.png
    3. DVD (KDE, Gnome e Lxde) Dvd-1.png
    4. Pendrive Pendrive-1.png
  6. Note: to discuss the questions that arise in the forum, mailing lists, IRC, etc
  7. See Graphical Environments and Mageia lifecycle - lifetime policy


Graphical environment


Desktop graphical environments available in official repository Mageia
"Graphical environment" (Desktop) full
Shell (semi-environment) Window manager only

(depends on installation a complete graphical environment)

KDE, GNOME Xfce, Lxde, Lxqt (replaced Razor-Qt),

Mate, Cinnamon

Enlightenment (E17) Openbox, Fluxbox, IceWM, Fvwm2, WindowMaker
Work environment with ample amounts of applications and advanced graphics feature (increased memory consumption). Suitable for computers with minimal hardware requirements (ie minimum 512MB RAM, 2GB recommended), they offer many advanced graphic features.

KDE
GNOME

Desktop lightweight (small memory consumption), with ample amount of applications, but designed for productivity and speed. Suitable for any computer, but ideal for small computers, with fewer resources or old.

LXDE
XFCE
Razor-Qt
Mate
Cinnamon

A "Window Manager" lightweight (small memory consumption), but with some applications, libraries and services, so it can be considered an independent or semi-graphical environment completely. Suitable for any computer, but ideal for small computers, with fewer resources or old.

Enlightenment - E17

Feather-light window managers (ultra low memory consumption), almost no library dependencies and no additional software packaged. Suitable for any computer, but ideal for small computers, with fewer resources or old.
Windowmaker
Fvwm
Icewm
Fluxbox
Openbox



Mageia lifecycle lifetime policy

  1. Mageia releases are supported at least for 18 months (Support Lifecycle) .
    1. Mageia 1 will be supported until December 2012.
    2. Mageia 2 will be supported until November 2013
    3. The possibility of releasing an LTS version every 18 months, to be supported for three years is being studied (Blog; Mageia 2: release cycle, support, and planning).


Color Meaning
gray Development, test version

published (cauldron)

Red Release no longer supported
Yellow Release still supported
Green Current version
Blue Future Release




Versão 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Mageia - Lifecycle - lifetime policy
Mageia 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Mageia 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 12
Mageia 3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Mageia 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Mageia 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Mageia 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Versions of Mageia

Label

Color Meaning
Red Release no longer supported
Yelow Release still supported
Green Current Version
Blue Future release

Versions

Project Name Version Release date End-of-life date Kernel version
Mageia 1 June 1, 2011 December 1, 2012 2.6.38
2 May 22, 2012 November 22, 2013 3.3.6
3 May 19, 2013 November 19, 2014 3.8.13
4 February 01, 2014 Augst 01, 2015 3.12
5 June 19, 2015 4.4.50
6 (Cauldron)




Testing

Start Community Download Testing Install Use
Start Community Download Testing Install Use
  1. Why testing before you install?
    1. may be useful to know the usability and general aspects of the distro, and; ;
    2. to verify the compatibility of Mageia with the machine's hardware (especially video card, audio and network / wireless).
      1. Obs: the proper functioning of some hardware may require specific configurations and/or installing additional software packages, so the suggestion is to discuss the questions that arise in the forums, mailing lists, IRC, etc.
  2. How?
    1. running the Mageia LiveCD on a computer without installing:
Mageia-2-livecd-kde-boot-menu-en-01.jpg
    1. installing a Mageia DVD or Mageia liveCD on a virtual machine like Virtualbox in any other OS.
Mga2-virtualbox-01.png Mga2-virtualbox-02.png Mga2-virtualbox-03.png





Install

Start Community Download Testing Install Use
Start Community Download Testing Install Use
Kde-1.png Gnome-1.png Kde-1.png - Gnome-1.png - Lxde-1.png
Install LiveCD KDE Install LiveCD GNOME Install LiveDVD - KDE - GNOME - LXDE
Desktop-mga1-200x150.jpg Desktop-mga1-gnome-200x150.png Desktop-mga1-200x150.jpg - Desktop-mga1-gnome-200x150.png - Desktop-mga1-lxde-200x150.png


Install Mageia 2 KDE LiveCD

see here too

|
Before installing the Mageia 2, visit the Mageia WIKI and know the help documentation

available (Release Notes, Install LiveCD, Errata, dual boot) and join Mageia Forum to share your questions and suggestions

|
STAGE 1 - Preparation (or pre-installation)
|
1.1 - Download the Mageia 2 KDE LiveCD from the Internet and burn the iso image file on a CD
|
1.2 - Configure the computer for booting from CD / DVD
|
1.3 - Initialize the Mageia 2 KDE LiveCD without installing and verify the operation of the hardware

(sound, video, webcam, etc.) and choose which partition will be used to install the Mageia 2.

|
1.4 - Before installing (for caution) to make backup copies of important files
|
STAGE 2 - INSTALLATION
|
Start the computer with the LiveCD Mageia 2 KDE
|
Mageia-2-livecd-kde-boot-menu-en-01.jpg

2 - The startup menu of Live CD

|
2.1 - Language
|
2.2 - License
|
2.3 - Time zone
|
2.4 - Date and Time and Time Zone
|
2.5 -Keyboard
|
2.6 -Initial screen of Mageia 2 LiveCD
|
Mageia-2-livecd-kde-en-install.jpg

2.7 - Start Setup of Mageia 2 LiveCD

|
2.8 - Define the use of HD (partitions) - WARNING!

see here too

|
2.9 - Format HD - WARNING!

see here too

|
2.10 - Choose (or not) to delete unused packages and continue the installation of Mageia 2
|
2.11 - Configure Grub Boot Menu - WARNING! (see here and here)
|
2.12 -First part of the installation completed. Reboot the computer, removing the CD
|
STAGE 3 - SETTING (custom)
|
Restart the computer
|
Mageia-2-menu-boot.jpg

Menu Boot Mageia 2 already installed

|
3.1 - if you already have internet access set up, the media will be automatically installed.
|
3.2 -Downloading media to Mageia 2
|
3.3 - Configure the password for the admin user (root)
|
3.4 - Configure the name and password for the user common
|
Completed the basic configuration. Accessing the common user
|
Mageia-2-livecd-kde-menu-user-en.jpg

Screen access to common user

|
Mageia-2-livecd-kde-desktop-en.jpg

Mageia 2 KDE installed

|
3.5 - Configuration and customization (making Mageia 2 KDE your way)
|
3.6 - After setting up internet connection, configure firewall (security pc internet/network)
|
3.7 - Configure the media (software repositories) to download updates and install or remove the software.
|
3.8 - Configure LibreOffice (fonts and extensions etc)
|
3.9 - Configure Firefox (PDF plugins, videos, etc)
|
3.10 - Install other extra applications - GoogleEarth, Skype, X-mind, etc.
|
3.11 - Set up folders and personal appearance (desktop icons and wallpaper, etc.)
|
Installation completed. Mageia 2 ready to use





Use

Start Community Download Testing Install Use
Start Community Download Testing Install Use
  1. General Settings
  2. Setting up network/internet
  3. Install and configure media
  4. Install and remove software (applications) --> (See list of applications)
  5. Set the main applications
  6. Choose several useful in list of applications for Mageia, in Database MageiaDB or in site of Linux Package Search
  7. Report bugs in Bugzilla Mageia
    1. Note: discuss the questions that arise in the discussion forums, mailing lists, IRC, etc
Mageia-2-kde-desktop-en.jpg






Others Links

  1. Install Mageia 2 LiveCD for beginner
  2. Hd partition for beginners
  3. Install media in Mageia 2 for beginner
  4. Install and remove software for beginner

_______

  1. Newcomers start here
  2. Installation of Mageia in dual boot with Windows
  3. Software management
  4. Installation Media
  5. First step with Linux and Mageia


  1. This text has been edited based on site Know and use "Mageia 1".
  2. Text translated into German: Präsentation von Mageia für Anfänger




Threads in Mageia Forum

  1. To discuss this issue, open a new topic in Mageia Forum or access a created topic:
    1. Thread: Presentation of Mageia for beginners with website created on Sep 11th, 2011
    2. Thread: