From Mageia wiki
(Redirected from Install media in Mageia 2 for beginner)
- 1 Install media in Mageia (step by step)
- 2 Installing media in graphical mode
- 3 Adding Media / Official Repositories
- 4 Learn more
- 5 Other links
Install media in Mageia (step by step)
- Why is it important to install and enable the media?
- The media provide access to the software repository with software/applications to be installed in Mageia.
- Only after the installation and activation of appropriate media can you install automatic security updates and bug fixes, and install or remove software/applications.
- For other tips for beginners, see: Newcomers start here
- Note: During installation of Mageia, if the internet connection is available, it may cause automatic installation of the media/repository set, as this is necessary if you manually enable the optional media.
Installing media in graphical mode
- See how to install the media in the Mageia graphical mode through the Mageia Control Center (MCC).
- There are three ways to access the Mageia Control Center to add media:
- click the icon of "Application Launcher Menu" on the bottom left of the screen computed by accessing "Tools," "System Tools" and "Mageia Control Center";
- click the icon "configure your computer" panel at the bottom of the screen;
- click on the icon "Mageia Control Center" on the desktop of your Mageia.
- Accessing Mageia Control Center
- By clicking the icon indicated above. This opens a query window requesting the root (administrator) password, which is needed to access the MCC (Image 2):
- After entering the password correctly, the MCC window opens, go to "Software Management" (image 3), where you can choose to access "Configure media sources for install and update":
Adding Media / Official Repositories
- In the window "Configure Media", to configure the media available by default, just click "Add".
- Note: If you wish to choose a specific repository, go to the window "Configure media" in "File" and "Add a specific media mirror."
- When selecting the type of media, a site with official repositories will be automatically chosen and a confirmation window will open (Image 5):
- Confirm by clicking "yes" and a window will open asking you to wait while the media are downloaded from the internet.
- During the installation of the media, a window opens to indicate the progress of each download.
Default media enabled automatically and optional media - Mageia (32 bit)
- After the downloads have finished, the window "Configure media" is already open with the media and official 1 and 3 (Core Release: 1 and Core Updates: 3) enabled by default. See here about CPU 32 or 64 bit.
- The green arrows indicate where you can enable the optional media 11 and 13 (nonfree release: 11 and nonfree-Updates: 13) and the media 21 and 23 (Tainted Release: 21 and Tainted Updates: 23). These media can be enabled by the user as optional because they contain non-free software, some of which may be illegal in some countries (learn more about Types of Mageia media).
Default media enabled automatically and optional media - Mageia (64 bit)
- After the downloads have finished, the window "Setting Media" is already open with the media and official enabled by default: 1 and 3 (Core Release: 1 and Core Updates: 3 for 64 bit), 31 and 33 (Core Release: 31 and Core Updates: 33 for 32 bit). See here about CPU 32 or 64 bit.
- The green arrows indicate where you can enable the optional media 11 and 13 (nonfree release: 11 and nonfree-Updates: 13) and the media 21 and 23 (Tainted Release: 21 and Tainted Updates: 23). These media can be enable by the user as optional because they contain non-free software, some of which may be illegal in some countries. (learn more about Types of Mageia media). It is also recommend to activate the 32 bit media on an 64 bit system.
Types of Mageia media
The packages in Mageia exist in three different repositories/media, depending on what license each package uses (see Note Release of Mageia 1) .
Here's an overview of those repositories:
- The Core repository includes packages with free-open-source software, i.e. packages licensed under a free-open-source license, the set of the Core media are added by default and the “Core Release” and “Core Updates” are enabled by default
- The Nonfree repository includes packages that are free-of-charge, i.e. Mageia can redistribute them, but they contain closed-source software (hence the Nonfree name); For example this repository includes the nVidia and ATI graphics cards proprietary drivers, firmware for various Wi-Fi cards… etc. The set of the Nonfree media is added by default and the “Nonfree Release” and “Nonfree Updates” are enabled by default
- The Tainted repository includes packages under various licenses, free and nonfree ones, but the main criteria for packages in this repository is that they may infringe patents and copyright laws in some countries in the world (e.g. multimedia codecs needed to play various audio/video files, packages needed to play commercial video DVD… etc); as such the set of the Tainted media is added by default but not enabled by default, i.e. it's completely opt-in; so check your local laws before using packages from this repository. This repository is only added for the convenience of the users. This repository is to Mageia what PLF is to Mandriva users or RPM Fusion is to Fedora users.
COMMON User, ADVANCED User and DEVELOPER User
- See which media you should enable according to your user profile: COMMON user, ADVANCED user and DEVELOPER user:
- Note: There are a total of 30 media: 10 Core, 10 Non free and 10 Tainted. There are 15 normal media and 15 "debug" media with developer tools, ie, for each normal media there is a "debug" media.
Mageia's Repository (media) Policy
- The above diagram (image 8) is a system summary of Mageia's media, based on information available in the Mageia Wiki.
- The media must be enabled as the user profile. For the average user, it is recommended that you use the media enabled by default when you installed the repository (official media 1, 3, 11, 13 and more media-tainted 21:23).
- What are DEBUG media repositories? These are necessary only for software developers. The average user will never need to enable them to use Mageia. They are only used to find and fix errors that may appear in the software.
- "For each section there is a corresponding debug section. These sections contain the same repositories as their counterparts. They contain packages with the files needed to allow the full stack trace to be generated for debugging purposes "(text of the Mandriva wiki official" political clearance ").
- See also Wikipedia the meaning of the term DEBUG - DEBUG: "Debugging (English: debugging, debug) is the process of finding and reducing defects in a software application or even hardware. Software errors include those that prevent the program being executed and those that produce an unexpected result."
What is a repository?
- What is a software repository? It is the database of the files needed for the numerous programs approved for installation in the Mageia distribution. This database is replicated on multiple mirror servers / mirrors throughout the world.
- What is the Community programs / software repository? These are programs / software properly prepared by members of the user community to install on Mageia Linux, but they have not yet been tested by the Mageia team of developers to be included in the official repositories.
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