From Mageia wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

This page is a draft. It requires improvements.

If you want to improve it, simply log in and click on the edit tab.
Please remove this {{Draft}} template, when you're sure the page is complete and correct.

View the other draft pages

View all other pages to improve and maintain.

This page is a reference guide for users that want try to install and customize Mageia distro to obtain a mediacenter/htpc.
Waiting for Mageia 5 official release to update guide...


To set up our Mageia distribution for this purpose we need to consider the following:

  • We need a reduced operating system loading time
  • Lower use of resources
  • Rock-solid system stability
  • Faster system responsiveness

For this purpose I used:

  • LXDM as the login manager
  • Openbox as the window manager

Use of these managers requires manual editing of some configuration files but the performance improvement is noticeable.

mediacenter desktop

DVB-T, DVB-S, DVB-S2 device are handled by VDR - Video Disk Recorder, front end application to manage mediacenter are:

  • Kodi to play audio and video contents from local and streaming from internet (using some supported addons as Youtube, Previewnetworks, etc.)
  • Softhddevice (VDR plugin) used to watch tv (HD channels included).

Kodi screenshots

Vdr screenshots

Vdr softhddevice 01.jpg
Vdr softhddevice 02.jpg
Kodi video addon1.png
Vdr softhddevice 03.jpg
Kodi video addon2.png
Vdr softhddevice 04.jpg

Hardware used

  • Zotac ID-11 MiniPC with Atom D510 dual core CPU, WiFi on board, video NVidia ION2 Next Generation 512MB DDR3
  • 4GB RAM (Kingston)
  • 250GB Hard Disk (7200 rpm Western Digital)
  • TeVii S660 DVB-S/S2 USB

Install Mageia and configure

Preparing system

Start with the Dual Arch ISO image of Mageia 5 selecting x86_64 (64bit). During the installation, choose LXDE as the window manager. Use mediacenter as the default user.

After installation, the first step is add the on-line repositories using: Mageia Control Center > Software. Once you've added them, run an update to make sure you have all the latest package versions in the database:

[root@localhost ~]# urpmi --auto-update --auto-select --no-verify-rpm

Next step is to install the NVIDIA driver using: Mageia Control Center > Hardware > Video. We need to install some packages to get, extract and build sources:

[root@localhost ~]# urpmi gcc gcc-c++ make automake autoconf cmake wget unrar

Get firmwares for DVB-S2 drivers

Copy TeVii s660 firmware under /lib/firmware folder:

[root@localhost ~]# wget
[root@localhost ~]# unrar e dvb-usb-s660.rar
[root@localhost ~]# rm -rf dvb-usb-s660.rar
[root@localhost ~]# cp dvb-usb-s660.fw /lib/firmware
[root@localhost ~]# wget
[root@localhost ~]# tar xf tevii_ds3000.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# rm -rf tevii_ds3000.tar.gz
[root@localhost ~]# cp -f tevii_ds3000/dvb-fe-ds3000.fw /lib/firmware

Install required packages

[root@localhost ~]# urpmi openbox thunar lxdm vlc k3b amule transmission obconf gedit 
[root@localhost ~]# urpmi xfce4-terminal flash-player-plugin wget git hg sudo java gnome-system-monitor 
[root@localhost ~]# urpmi ssh-server libreoffice mate-icon-theme mate-themes mate-faenza-icon-theme 
[root@localhost ~]# urpmi xterm file-roller nano smplayer gxmessage xmessage tint2 volumeicon kodi 
[root@localhost ~]# urpmi lib64ncursesw-devel lxappearance lib64graphicsmagick-devel lib64graphicsmagick3
[root@localhost ~]# urpmi lib64magick++-6Q16_5 lib64magick-6Q16_2 lib64magick-devel alsamixergui 
[root@localhost ~]# urpmi lib64cap-devel gettext lib64ffmpeg-devel lib64xcb-util-wm-devel

At this list can add all applications that you want, but consider that this is a mediacenter pc, so screen could be placed distant, my opinion is limit installed applications only to applications that are really used.

Enable users to reboot

Need to add to /etc/sudoers file follow row:

mediacenter ALL=(ALL) ALL
mediacenter ALL = NOPASSWD: /sbin/shutdown, /vdrbox/, /vdrbox/, /vdrbox/, /vdrbox/, /vdrbox/

also need to comment follow row to use sudo from menu:

# Defaults requiretty

Setup HDMI audio as default

Edit file /etc/asound.conf as follow:

# HDMI default
pcm.!default hdmi:NVidia
pcm:iec958 hdmi:NVidia

create file /etc/modprobe.d/sound.conf as follow:

options snd-hda-intel enable_msi=0 probe_mask=0xffff,0xfff2

Enable Thunar to auto mount

Launch Thunar > preferences > advanced > enable volume... enable only first 2 check (mount connected media and mount inserted disk) as follow:


Login Manager configure (LXDM)

Set LXDM as login manager from Mageia Control Center

Set from Mageia Control Center > Boot, user mediacenter as autologin with openbox session. Modify file /etc/sysconfig/desktop as follow:


Set LXDM also as default login manager in systemd:

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl lxdm enable

Modify file /home/mediacenter/.dmrc with this parameters (in my case lang is italian):


Modify file /etc/lxdm/lxdm.conf with this parameters:


Window Manager configure (Openbox)

Create /home/mediacenter/.config/openbox/autostart file as follow:

# To use nvidia-settings
nvidia-settings -l &

# thunar daemon
thunar --daemon &

# set desktop background
feh -B black --bg-center /usr/share/kodi/media/Splash.png

# Programs that will run after Openbox has started (taskbar manager and volume manager)
tint2 &
(sleep 2 && volumeicon) &

Set as executable:

[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ chmod 775 ~/.config/openbox/autostart

Don't forget to edit file ~/.config/openbox/menu.xml to create your personal main menu (right click on desktop). You could insert in menu a shortcut to Kodi or to VDR (using softhddevice as frontend plugin).

Also edit file ~/.config/openbox/rc.xml to associate key to a specific action/script (such as print key with screenshot generation). You could set a specific key (such as F11, F12 etc.) as shortcut to Kodi or to VDR (using softhddevice as frontend plugin).

In my case i use F5 to launch sudo /vdrbox/ and F6 to launch kodi. After VDR started, if i press F5 again, script detect presence of vdr and close it.

Taskbar configure (Tint2)

To personalize aspect of taskbar can use:

[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ tint2conf

that update file ~/.config/tint2/tint2rc

Fonts aspect configure (Qt and Gtk)

First modify file /etc/fonts/fonts.conf adding:


       <match target="font" >

         <edit mode="assign" name="hinting" >

         <edit mode="assign" name="hintstyle" >

         <edit mode="assign" name="antialias" >


       <match target="pattern">

         <edit name="dpi" mode="assign">



Then to setting Qt4 aspect can use:

[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ qtconfig

To setting Gtk aspect can use:

[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ lxappearance

selecting Fonts > Details > Hinting Enable > Slight

Create file /home/mediacenter/.Xresources as follow:

Xft.dpi: 96
Xft.hinting: 1
Xft.hintstyle: hintslight
Xft.antialias: 1

Get, build and install VDR with plugins

Get build and install scripts

To perform all steps i created a bash scripts collection to help, so checkout it from github:

[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ cd /tmp
[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ wget
[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ wget
[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ chmod 775
[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ chmod 775

Scripts uses /vdrbox as VDR default folder and mediacenter as user that start pc.

Need to launch scripts as root user

[root@localhost vdr-scripts]# cd /tmp
[root@localhost vdr-scripts]# ./

Other Plugins

In plugins source folder can add other plugins that you need, can go on this website to see a list vdr repository. If you add new plugins, remember that you need to update also scripts.


[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ cd /vdrbox/vdr-<version>
[mediacenter@localhost ~]$ make

Install plugins

[root@localhost vdr-scripts]# cd /tmp
[root@localhost vdr-scripts]# ./

How use installed scripts

Installed bash scripts perform start and stop of VDR and, if you need to use, also Oscam. Three are main scripts:

  • that contains launch parameters for VDR
  • that kill VDR instance
  • that manage start script if there isn't any VDR instance, or stop script if there is an instance already running

to use a remote control, can associate a specific key to script to start and stop VDR with only one key. To do this in Openbox can edit file /home/mediacenter/.config/openbox/rc.xml and add into <keyboard> section a <keybind> node as follow:

    <keybind key="F5">
      <action name="Execute">
        <execute>sudo /vdrbox/</execute>

in this case key F5 launch script

Keep updated your channels list

To perform this action in developed a Python script named vdr-getchannels that use KingOfSat channels list to update local channels.conf file.