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Existing mirrors are available at: http://mirrors.mageia.org

Needed:

  • expiry policy; to know what is actively supported and what is not (likely to move to an archive section)
  • archive section; so that a mirror may move archived stuff on cheaper storage systems
  • announcement/discussion mailing-list
  • release plan (see http://mageia.org/en/calendar/ that already hosts Mageia release schedule).
  • mirroring tools (rsync, mirrorbrain, mirrormanager?)
  • better organization of this doc

Available media

First, a table summary:

media required for mirror? enabled by default?
release updates updates
testing
backports backports
testing
core Yes Yes Yes No No No
nonfree Yes Yes for Mageia 1 (by installer for Mageia 2) Yes for Mageia 1 (by installer for Mageia 2) No No No
tainted No No No No No No
debug/* No No No No No No

"Enabled by default" means that such a media is automatically registered, activated and used by the package manager for installing/updating software.

Now here are the media details:

core

  • enabled by default
  • mirrors must mirror this media to be listed as a mirror
  • only free/libre stuff as described by FSF / OSI
  • must be selfcontained

nonfree

  • enabled by default for Mageia 1, disabled by default for Mageia 2 (installer will ask to enable it if it detects hw that need driver/fw from here...)
  • mirrors must mirror this media to be listed as a mirror
  • contains apps/drivers/firmware that are free to redistribute but we dont have redistributable source for
  • for example ati/nvidia drivers/firmware, Oracle Java, ..

tainted

  • disabled by default
  • mirrors are free to not mirror this media
  • stuff we think we can redistribute, but that may have some patent issues or other restrictions in other countries
  • NO nonfree stuff is allowed here
  • see our Software patents policy and Software inclusion policy (drafts)

debug/core

  • disabled by default
  • debug rpms for core

debug/nonfree

  • disabled by default
  • debug rpms for nonfree

debug/tainted

  • disabled by default
  • debug rpms for tainted

Media layout details

Every media contains the same layout:

release

  • disabled by default on nonfree, installer will ask to enable it if it detects hw that need driver/fw from here
  • disabled by default on tainted, debug_core, debug_nonfree, debug_tainted

updates

  • disabled by default on nonfree, installer will ask to enable it if it detects hw that need driver/fw from here
  • disabled by default on tainted, debug_core, debug_nonfree, debug_tainted

updates_testing

disabled by default

backports

disabled by default

backports_testing

disabled by default

Mirrors layout

"distrib" section

  • Hosts all source and compiled packages for all architectures, for cauldron (dev branch) and stable releases.
  • Expected size:

"iso" section

  • Hosts all released ISOs for cauldron (dev branch) and stable releases.
  • Expected size:

"people" section

  • Offers redundancy of a mirror space to Mageia members. We expect it to hold some specific flavor ISOs, or smaller files (rpms, tarball, document).
  • this is part of a experiment to empower members to express themself
  • Expected size:

"software" section

  • Hosts tarballs of Mageia own hosted software (see soft/ section for now; forge to come).
  • Expected size:

"archive" section?

Not defined yet. Would host unsupported/old releases (rpms/isos) for archiving purposes.


Full layout

And here is the full mirror layout: (stable releases have same layout as cauldron)

Remember that core, nonfree, tainted, debug/* have the same layout detail as shown above; this is omitted in the below tree for readability purpose.


Mageia/
     /distrib/
     /cauldron/
     /i586/
                    /doc/
                    /install/
                    /isolinux/
                    /media/
                         /core/
                              /backports/
                              /backports_testing/
                              /release/
                              /updates_testing/
                              /updates/
                         /nonfree/
                         /tainted/
                         /debug/
                              /core/
                              /nonfree/
                              /tainted/
               /x86_64/
                    /doc/
                    /install/
                    /isolinux/
                    /media/
                         /core/
                         /nonfree/
                         /tainted/
                         /debug/
                              /core/
                              /nonfree/
                              /tainted/
               /srpms/
                    /core/
                    /nonfree/
                    /tainted/
          /stable1/
               /i586/
               /srpms/
               /x86_64/
     /iso/
          /cauldron/
               /i586/
               /x86_64/
          /stable1/
               /i586/
               /x86_64/
     /people/
     /software/

How to (become a) mirror?

Prerequisites

  • Expected size (700GB over 4 years?)
  • Needed software (rsync)

Official sources

If you plan to create a public mirror, we encourage you to use one of our Tier1 mirrors:

rsync://mirrors.kernel.org/mirrors/mageia/ (USA, geo-distributed load balancing)
rsync://distrib-coffee.ipsl.jussieu.fr/mageia/ (Paris in France)
rsync://ftp.LinuxCabal.org/Mageia (Lucern in Switzerland)
rsync://mageia.c3sl.ufpr.br/mageia (Curitiba in Brazil)

These servers synchronise the tree directly from the Mageia rsync server (private access). Otherwise, you may use any of our Tier2 mirrors.

Rsync options

When syncing a mirror, the following options should be used.

 $ rsync -aHS --delete-after --delete-delay --delay-updates

Please do not use compression and checksum options as these are too much of a burden for the remote servers.

Automate

The tree must be synchronized at least every 2 hours.

Please ensure that another rsync process is not started before the first one has finished running: use a lock file.

Register your mirror

Please go to http://mirrors.mageia.org/new